Taking care of goats on a small farm

If you’re thinking about starting a goat herd you will realize that goats require some learning to ensure they are properly fed. In the case of raising goats for meat, setting up a dairy herd, or simply practicing maintainable living on your farm, goats need all the attention they can get for them to thrive.

Range: Browsing and Pasturing Goats

Goats are notable for their capacity to pasture on anything ranging from hardy shrubs to young trees, scrubby wood and lovely green grass. Certain goats are grazers (horses, sheep and cattle) while some are browsers. Hence, they are phenomenal at clearing overgrown and rough land.

It is a known fact that goats are great lawnmowers but if they are given the chance, they would browse.


Hay is the principal source of supplements for goats aside their range. When they do not have access to range during the winter, they feed on hay. Hay can be a legume (alfalfa or clover) or grass.

Every goat requires around two to four pounds of hay for every day, less than what is obtainable when they forage on pasture. You can feed them hay twice per day or as you desire.


Chaffhaye is made by cutting early grass or alfalfa, chopping it, blending it with molasses and a probiotic culture called bacillus subtillis and vacuum-pressing it. The mixture is left to ferment in the container and this results in the addition of beneficial bacteria that is good for the goat. Chaffhaye can be fed as an alternative to hay as it does boosts of more nutrients. One 50-pound pack of chaffhaye breaks even with about 85 to 100 lb of hay.

Grain Feed

Grain feed or pelleted grain blend can include minerals, nutrients and protein to your goat’s diet. Most farmers supplement with grain feed when essential -, for example, in bad weather or when you have does with a lot of kids – but browsing and foraging is still the best alternative for a goat to be healthy. Grain ought not to be overfed: it can lead to death, illness or cause the goats to grow fat.


Loose minerals created for goats ought to be offered free choice. Feed minerals exclusively, not in blocks that are made up of combinations of them.

Kitchen and Garden Scraps

Goats do not have a problem feeding on your compost. Egg shells can be tricky, but most compost gotten from the kitchen works fine for the goats, as long as they’re used to them.

A few slices of bread and some corn chips and raisins make decent “treats” for goats but ensure they are not overfed.

Feeding Equipment

You will likewise require some gear for feeding your goats. Nothing sophisticated but you will need to store hay in a manger so the goats can have easy access to it and minimize waste. Furthermore, buckets and food containers will likewise help lessen waste. Plastic or metal feed storage with proper tight-fitting lids will ensure pests stay away from the feed.

Things you may require for your goat:

Mineral feeder

  • Hay Manger
  • Water buckets
  • Food buckets
  • Feed storage containers


Obviously, your goats require access to new, clean water consistently. You might need to raise your water can off the ground onto an old tire or a platform. This way, it does not get pooped in or kicked over. In winter, you should utilize a waterer warmer so that the water provided for the goats does not turn to ice.