To maintain a forklift streaming correctly and to prolong its life it is essential to keep its battery working proficiently. A forklift battery should be able to live for a number of years if it is accurately cared for. But what is the top way to maintain a forklift battery and certify that it survives as long as conceivable? Just pursue these easy steps.
Charge the Battery Fittingly
It can be appealing to charge a battery on every occasion it is suitable, but the fact is that in order to correctly maintain a forklift battery, it should only be charged at specific times and to particular degrees. Charge a forklift’s battery only when it dips below 30% charge and be sure to charge it until it is full and then halt charging it. Over or undercharging this type of battery can meaningfully decrease its lifecycle. Never disturb a charge cycle.
Balance Batteries Frequently
Flooded or wet cell batteries must be equalized on a fixed basis. This process converses the chemical process of stratification, when the battery acid turns more concentrated at the bottommost of the battery. When the acid and water become stratified, the battery is no longer capable to hold a charge as well. Equalizing rebalances the electrolyte concentration and also aids to eliminate sulfate crystals from the battery plates. Equalizing can only take place with a battery charger has an equalizing setting.
Examine Fluid Altitudes
Forklift batteries need to have the correct amount of water to work at optimal volume. Just about every five charge cycles, be sure to examine the forklift battery fluid levels by opening up the battery. Check two to three cells and confirm that there is plenty fluid to cover the plastic battery element. If uncertain, check all cells. If there is not enough fluid upon examination, move on to the following step and add water.
Maintain Water Levels
If the levels are not suitable, top off the fluid in the battery. This will be essential approximately every 10 charges if it is brand new by adding sufficient water to cover the battery’s plastic element protector. Do not overfill the battery. Extra space is wanted for the development that happens when the batter is in use. Take in that maintenance free batteries do not need to be topped off. Only top off a battery after the battery is fully charged. It is also significant to use the right water, which measure between 5 and 7 on the pH scale and is within suggested limits for contaminations. Contaminated water can lead to battery destruction.
Keep Batteries at a Safe Temperature
Forklifts can be used in risky environments, so it is vital to ponder the ambient temperature for the battery when in use. Keeping any battery at a safe temperature, where its functioning temperature does not surpass 45℃ (113℉), will assist to extend its life. If this is not probable, be sure there is lots of air flowing in and around the battery compartment for optimal cooling.
In addition to this, our list of seven finest practice battery maintenance advices offer you some supportive hints and tips to help you dodge the common pitfalls and keep your battery in peak form.
1. Plan your Work round Battery Re-Fuelling Periods
This lessens downtime and the risk of mishaps caused by drivers hastening to recharge when the battery is running low.
2. Don’t Run Below 20% Aptitude
Deep discharging damages the battery and affects your forklift’s electrical components to run hot, resultant in major lift truck damage, containing complete motor failure and burned components. And if that weren’t sufficient reason, your truck won’t be coursing its best at that level, either.
3. Provide your Battery a Pause
It’s appealing to fall into the bad practice of rapidly charging your truck during break times. A battery’s lifetime is concluded by its charge cycles, i.e. how many charges it’s had. Short charges will result in gradually declining battery efficacy to the point where it won’t charge at all. As an alternative, allow your truck to cool off throughout downtime.
4. Ensure your Water Level Often
Water plays a key role in the operating and life expectancy of your forklift battery. During a charge cycle, it is heated up and ruptures into two gases, freeing hydrogen bubbles at the negative plates and oxygen at the positive. Permitting the water level in a cell to drop too low bares plates to the air, letting the active material in the plates to dry and become hard, and steering to permanent damage.
For this purpose, it is vital for distilled water to be added to the battery at regular intervals frequently every 5 to 10 recharges. However don’t be drawn to overfill. Confirm you fill only up to the wanted mark or the water will enlarge and overflow, leading to permanent loss.
5. Speedy Charge with Care
Fast charging might decrease downtime by as much as 10%, but it comes at a price. Any battery system can be fast charged, but the heat produced during the process can intensely reduce a lead-acid battery’s life expectancy. Nickel and lithium batteries undergo from this, but to a much lesser degree.
6. Possess a Check on Maintenance
One of the top reasons of premature battery letdown and loss is sulphation. This happens naturally as white sulphuric crystals fasten to the lead plates, stopping the battery’s ability to receive, hold and send a charge. This hitch can be initiated by overfilling and is most usually experienced in warm surroundings. Check your battery for the growth of white crystals as part of your daily checks. If you do spot the tell-tale symbols of sulphation, appeal a visit from an engineer who can counsel on corrective measures.
7. Protect your Charger
Your charger is an important investment, and so warrants a safe location to diminish damage. It should be kept well away from moving trucks or plant tools. Guarantee that its cables and plugs are kept clear of the floor to save them from being run over.